APJ Abdul Kalam

1. " Why don't you say this to the people who come to you...?" Who say this and to whom ? What is referred to by the word 'this' ? Why do the people come to the person spoken to ?  (1+1) +3+1 

Answer: APJ Abdul Kalam  says this to his father , Jainulabdeen .

# Jainulabdeen had profound wisdom about prayer and spiritual matters . By the woed 'this' Kalam referred to the spiritual ideas of his father .Jainulabdeen firmly believed that the world in which we live is absolutely a manifestation of Almighty God . And naturally , every human being is a spicific element within the whole of the  manifest divine being . Therefore , we should never be worried about difficulties , suffering and problems .Rather we should try to understand the relevance of our sufferings as adversity always presents opportunities for introspection.

# People come to Jainulabdeen for help and advice in distress .
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2.What had remained the routine for Abdul Kalam's father even when he was in his late sixties ? What does Abdul Kalam say about his emulation of his father ?  3+3=6

Answer : Kalam's father would start his day at 4 am by reading the namaz before dawn .After that he would walk down to their small coconut grove  at a distance of four miles from their house .He would return with about a dozen coconuts . Then he would have his breakfast . This had remained the routine for Abdul Kalam's father.

# Kalam said that he had tried to emulate his father in  his career as a scientist . His father revealed the fundamental truths to him .He felt convinced that there exists a divine power that control our life . That divine power can lift us from confusion , misery , melancholy  and failure . That power  can guide us to follow truth and happiness .

3." Our locality was  predominantly Muslim" Who is the speaker ? How does the speaker describe the locality ? What picture of communal harmony do you find in this description ?  1+3+2= 6 

Answer : Here the speaker is APJ Abdul Kalam .

# The speaker  lived in  their ancestral house on the Mosque Street in Rameswaram .Rameswaram was famous  to the pilgrims for the Shiva temple which was about a ten minute walk from their house , Though the speaker's localitry was predominantly  a Muslim community , quite a lot of Hindu families lived there as well . And there was a very old mosque in the locality where the speaker's father would take him for evening prayers .

# In the speaker's locality , the Hindu and Muslim families lived together amicably and they were respectful towards his father . This presented a picture of communal harmony.

4 . " I normally ate with my mother ." - Who ate with his mother ? Name his mother .Where did he eat with his mother ? What did he eat with his mother ? 1+1+1+3 =6 

Answer : APJ Abdul Kalam , ate with his mother .

# The name of the narrator's mother was Ashiamma . 

# The narrator ate with his  mother sitting on the floor of the kitchen 

# The narrator's mother had a deep affection in her heart for Kalam .She would place a banana leaf before him . Then she would serve him rice and aromatic sambar with a ladle .After that she would serve him a variety of sharp , home made pickle . Finally , she would give him a dollop of fresh coconut chutney .

5." His answer filled me with a  strange energy and enthusiasm " _ Who is the speaker ? Whose answer is being referred to here ? What was the answer?  1+1+4 =6

Answer : APJ Abdul Kalam is the speaker. 

# APJ Abdul Kalam's father answer is being referred to here. 

# The answer was _ Humans by natural reaction look for company in their loneliness. They look for someone to help them in their trouble and get rid of the stiff situations they face. But Kalam's father would only try to help people,  who would come for his help in their distress,  by prayers and offerings. Human,  according to Kalam's father, should rather understand the difference between a fear -ridden visionof destiny and the vision that enables them to seek the enemy of fulfilment within themselves. 

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